Warnecke, J.; Rheinhardt, M.; Viviani, M.; Gent, F. A.; Tuomisto, S.; Käpylä, M. J.: Investigating Global Convective Dynamos with Mean-field Models: Full Spectrum of Turbulent Effects Required. The Astrophysical Journal Letters 919 (2), L13 (2021)
Viviani, M.; Käpylä, M. J.; Warnecke, J.; Käpylä, P. J.; Rheinhardt, M.: Stellar Dynamos in the Transition Regime: Multiple Dynamo Modes and Antisolar Differential Rotation. Astrophysical Journal 886 (1), 21 (2019)
Boro Saikia, S.; Marvin, C. J.; Jeffers, S. V.; Reiners, A.; Cameron, R. H.; Marsden, S. C.; Petit, P.; Warnecke, J.; Yadav, A. P.: Chromospheric activity catalogue of 4454 cool stars: Questioning the active branch of stellar activity cycles. Astronomy and Astrophysics 616, A108 (2018)
Viviani, M.; Warnecke, J.; Käpylä, M. J.; Käpylä, P. J.; Olspert, N.; Cole-Kodikara, E. M.; Lehtinen, J.; Brandenburg, A.: Transition from axi- to nonaxisymmetric dynamo modes in spherical convection models of solar-like stars. Astronomy and Astrophysics 616, A 160 (2018)
Warnecke, J.; Rheinhardt, M.; Tuomisto, S.; Käpylä, P. J.; Käpylä, M. J.; Brandenburg, A.: Turbulent transport coefficients in spherical wedge dynamo simulations of solar-like stars. Astronomy and Astrophysics 609, A51 (2018)
Käpylä, M. J.; Käpylä, P. J.; Olpert, N.; Brandenburg, A.; Warnecke, J.; Karak, B. B.; Pelt, J.: Multiple dynamo modes as a mechanism for long-term solar activity variations. Astronomy and Astrophysics 589, A56 (2016)
The Solar Lower Atmosphere and Magnetism (SLAM) group covers many exciting subjects in solar physics, focussing on the development and testing of highly novel solar instrumentation, reduction and analysis of highest quality solar observations, or improving and developing advanced techniques for the analysis of solar observations.
Inversion codes are used to aid the detailed interpretation of solar spectro-polarimetric data. This computer code attempts to find the atmospheric structure that produced an observed spectrum by minimizing the difference between the observed spectrum and a Stokes spectrum.
The MPS is one of the leading institutes worldwide in building instruments for solar research, both for ground based observatories as well as for balloon and space-borne missions. Scientists and engineers of MPS conceive new observing methods and develop novel instruments of highest technological complexity. These instruments are built in house, tested, calibrated, and used at the best solar observatories in the world, or delivered to NASA and ESA to be launched to space.
The magnetic field in the solar atmosphere exceeds the geomagnetic field strength by four orders of magnitude. It greatly influences the processes of energy transport within the solar atmosphere, and dominates the morphology of the solar chromosphere and corona. Kinetic energy from convective motions in the Sun can be efficiently stored in magnetic fields and subsequently released - to heat the solar corona to several million degrees or to blast off coronal mass ejections.
In the "Solar and Stellar Interiors" department, Laurent Gizon, Jesper Schou, Aaron Birch, Robert Cameron and others offer PhD projects in solar physics and astrophysics. Helioseismology and asteroseismology are used as important tools to study the oscillating Sun and stars.
Recently new, very sensitive observations of the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) and its instruments NOMAD (Nadir and Occultation for MArs Discovery) an ACS (Atmospheric Chemistry Suite) became available and initiated a number of interesting scientific questions. Some of them are open PhD projects using the MPS General Circulation Model (MPS-GCM).