Koldobskiy, S. A.; Kähkönen, R.; Hofer, B.; Krivova, N. A.; Kovaltsov, G. A.; Usoskin, I. G.: Time Lag Between Cosmic-Ray and Solar Variability: Sunspot Numbers and Open Solar Magnetic Flux. Solar Physics 297, 38 (2022)
Usoskin, I.G.; Solanki, S. K.; Krivova, N. A.; Hofer, B.; Kovaltsov, G.A.; Wacker, L.; Brehm, N.; Kromer, B.: Solar cyclic activity over the last millennium reconstructed from annual 14C data. Astronomy and Astrophysics 649, A141 (2021)
The Planetary Plasma Environments group (PPE) has a strong heritage in the exploration of planetary magnetospheres and space plasma interactions throughout the solar system. It has contributed instruments to several past missions that flew-by or orbited Jupiter (Galileo, Cassini, Ulysses). The PPE participates in the JUICE mission by contributing hardware and scientific expertise to the Particle Environment Package (PEP).
The MPS is one of the leading institutes worldwide in building instruments for solar research, both for ground based observatories as well as for balloon and space-borne missions. Scientists and engineers of MPS conceive new observing methods and develop novel instruments of highest technological complexity. These instruments are built in house, tested, calibrated, and used at the best solar observatories in the world, or delivered to NASA and ESA to be launched to space.