SO/PHI Data Releases

October 01, 2023

Author: Jonas Sinjan

This page contains the history of the official data releases to the Solar Orbiter Archive (SOAR) and information for publishing.

Publishing Information

Description: The following paragraphs contain information for those preparing publications wherein SO/PHI data contributes in any way.

If any publications are produced to which SO/PHI data contribute in any way, we would be request you to cite the relevant instrument paper:

Solanki, S. K., del Toro Iniesta, J. C., Woch, J., et al. 2020, A&A, 642, A11, DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201935325

For papers including SO/PHI-HRT data, please also add:

Gandorfer, A. M., Grauf, B., Staub, J., et al. 2018, in Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series, Vol. 10698, Space Tele-scopes and Instrumentation 2022: Optical, Infrared, and Millimeter Wave,1403–1415, DOI: 10.1117/12.2311816.

Please also add the following acknowledgment:

“Solar Orbiter is a space mission of international collaboration between ESA and NASA, operated by ESA. We are grateful to the ESA SOC and MOC teams for their support. The German contribution to SO/PHI is funded by the BMWi through DLR and by MPG central funds. The Spanish contribution is funded by AEI/MCIN/10.13039/501100011033/ and European Union “NextGenerationEU”/PRTR” (RTI2018-096886-C5,  PID2021-125325OB-C5,  PCI2022-135009-2, PCI2022-135029-2) and ERDF “A way of making Europe”; “Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa” awards to IAA-CSIC (SEV-2017-0709, CEX2021-001131-S); and a Ramón y Cajal fellowship awarded to DOS. The French contribution is funded by CNES.” 

The data are public and there is no requirement to include SO/PHI team members as co-authors. However, we appreciate if key members of the PHI team are included on publications based to a significant extent on SO/PHI data.

We also would appreciate receiving a copy of any publication you produce that profits from SO/PHI data.

We would be glad if you can report to us about any problem or issue encountered in using SO/PHI data. Please contact sophi_support [at]

Further information is given at:

1st Data Release: 3 December, 2022

Description: All available HRT observations of RSW 1 and RSW 2, L2 data level, version 01.

General information about the RSW 1 and 2 can be found in the Solar Orbiter Confluence webpage.

The version of the HRT Pipeline is: v1.5 September 2nd 2022.

The data are fully reduced (see Sinjan et al., 2022) and corrected for optical aberrations (see Kahil et al., 2022, 2023). However, reconstruction for diffraction at the entrance pupil is not applied. Only L2 data are released, more info about them can be found in Data Format.

Notes: ISS is off, HRT polarization images are co-registered before demodulation.

2nd Data Release: 10 July, 2023

Description:  L2 SO/PHI-HRT datasets from RSW 3, 4, and 5 (version 1).  

General information about the RSW 3-5 can be found in the Solar Orbiter Confluence webpage.

The data are fully reduced (see Sinjan et al., 2022). The version of the HRT Pipeline is: v1.7.0 May 15th 2023.

All datasets are corrected for optical aberration, however, reconstruction for diffraction at the entrance pupil is not applied. The quality of the correction is variable, depending on the availability of suitable phase-diversity calibration files (not always available mostly due to off-pointing). In some cases, improvement to processing is to be expected from forthcoming acquisitions of new calibration datasets and updated observational procedures (see Kahil et al., 2023).

For the above reason, at this point in time only part of the data is released to SOAR. The criteria for SOAR upload is that either data are properly calibrated, or it is not expected that the calibration will improve in the near future. Nevertheless,  the data are in a state suitable for scientific exploitation. The datasets uploaded to SOAR are part of the following SOOPs:

  • RSW 3: Nanoflare, Polar (first instance), AR_Long_Term

  • RSW 4: RS_ Bursts (both instances), Connection_Mosaic

  • RSW 5: AR_Long_Term

The remaining data, including the whole RSW 6, will be uploaded to SOAR as soon as better calibrations are attained. 

In general, all standard observables are released, as described in

Some artefacts may impact significantly in particular on vlos. In such cases, vlos is not released at this point in time.

3rd Data Release: 1 October, 2023

Description: L2 SO/PHI-FDT datasets from 31 January 2022 until 20 September 2022 and 27 October until 11 December 2022.

All datasets have been processed with the on-ground FDT pipeline, and are corrected for ghost and fringe artefacts. In addition, a polarimetric crosstalk correction that allows a variation of the crosstalk along the image (2D plane), to account for a gradient over the disk, was applied. In spite of these corrections, weak residual signatures of ghost and fringe artefacts, which are most pronounced in Stokes U, remain. In some cases a ringing around active regions in Stokes Q leads to slightly stronger fringes in the azimuth and in rare cases in the B field magnitude. In B, a remnant of the filtergraph cavity map affects all datasets. Finally, depending on the available calibration observations, it is not always possible to remove the effect of a dust grain present in the optical path and defects of the Etalon (mostly showing as dots in the continuum images).

For the above reason, at this point in time only the continuum intensity (observable identifier: icnt, computed by the RTE inversion) and the longitudinal magnetic field (observable identifier: blos, computed from magnitude and inclination) data are released to SOAR. The criteria for release to SOAR is that the data are of high enough quality to be suitable for scientific exploitation.

The other observables, including the measured continuum as well as the full vector magnetic field data and the Stokes L2 parameters of the released time range, need to be treated with caution for scientific studies.

In order to access the observables currently not released to SOAR we warmly invite you to get in touch with the PHI team (

The datasets uploaded to SOAR are part of the synoptics programs, which had been run in LTP 6 (before and after the RSWs), LTP 7, LTP 8, and LTP 9 (see here for details on LTPs). In addition, the uploaded data is part of the following SOOPs of LTP9:

  • RSW 5: CH_Boundary_Expansion
  • RSW 6: Eruption Watch, AR heating

An overview of the released data, including quicklook thumbnails and information about the quality of each released data set, is available here. We suggest consulting that web site before using the data set for scientific applications.

Go to Editor View