Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research

Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research

The research focus of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research is our cosmic neighborhood: the solar system with its planets and moons, comets and asteroids as well as the sun. The aim of the scientists is to describe the processes in the solar system in models and to simulate them on the computer. In addition, instruments are being developed and built to study these bodies from space. The Institute is involved in numerous space missions.

Sunrise III:First Look at the Sun

Sunrise III:
First Look at the Sun

Preparations for this year's stratospheric flight of the balloon-borne solar observatory Sunrise III have reached an important milestone: today, just three weeks after the hardware arrived at Esrange Space Center near the Arctic Circle in Sweden, Sunrise III peered at the Sun for the first time in almost complete flight configuration.

Getting to the true sizes of exoplanets

Getting to the true sizes of exoplanets

A star’s magnetic field must be considered in order to correctly determine the characteristics of their exoplanets from observations. This is demonstrated by new model calculations presented in the journal Nature Astronomy by a MPS-led research group. The researchers show that the distribution of the star’s brightness over its disk depends on the star’s level of magnetic activity. This, in turn, affects the signature of an exoplanet in observational data.
 

Venus: Carbon Ions during Flyby

Venus: Carbon Ions during Flyby

During its flyby of Venus, the European-Japanese twin space probe Bepi Colombo for the first time found carbon ions escaping from the planet's atmosphere into space. A research group involving MPS reports this finding in the journal Nature Astronomy. The idea for the new measurements was inspired by a rare cosmic event that occurred 25 years ago - and brought a whiff of Venus to Earth.

 

Long-period oscillations control the Sun’s differential rotation

Long-period oscillations control the Sun’s differential rotation

The interior of the Sun does not rotate at the same rate at all latitudes. The physical origin of this differential rotation is not fully understood. A team of MPS scientists has made a ground-breaking discovery. As the team reports in the journal Science Advances, the long-period solar oscillations discovered by MPS scientists in 2021 play a crucial role in controlling the Sun’s rotational pattern.

Research Departments

Sun and Heliosphere
The focus of this department is the solar interior, the solar atmosphere, the solar magnetic field, the heliosphere, and the interplanetary medium, as well as solar radiation and solar energetic particles. The balloon-mission Sunrise, a balloon-borne solar observatory, is managed by this department. The mission investigates our central star from a height of about 35 km. In addition to several other participations in space missions, the department significantly contributes to the ESA's Solar Orbiter.
Planetary Science Department
This department investigates the interior, the surfaces, atmospheres, ionospheres, and magnetospheres of planets and their moons, as well as comets and asteroids. The department currently contributes or has contributed to important space missions such as the ESA's missions JUICE to the Jovian system, BepiColombo to Mercury and Rosetta to comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko as well as NASA's missions InSight to Mars and Dawn to the asteroid belt.
Solar and Stellar Interiors
Helioseismology and asteroseismology are tools that use the oscillations of the Sun and stars to probe their interior structure and dynamics. This allows us to test and refine the theory of stellar structure and evolution, thereby bringing us closer to understanding solar and stellar magnetism. The department hosts the German Data Center for NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, and is preparing to host the data center of ESA's exoplanet hunting mission, PLATO.

At a Glance

International Office
On the pages of the International Office, new employees and guests will find information for their stay in Göttingen and at the institute.
IMPRS
PhD programme: International Max Planck Research School for Solar System Science at the University of Göttingen.
Staff at the MPS
Staff directory
Restaurant at the End of the Universe
Canteen at the MPS
Mon - Fri 9 - 13
This week's menu

News

Seminars

MPS Seminar: Exoplanets, cool stars, and their interactions (Katja Poppenhäger)

May 22, 2024 03:30 PM - 04:30 PM (Local Time Germany)
MPS, Room: Lecture Hall

MPS Seminar: Gender equality in science: why is it taking so long? (P. Walton)

May 23, 2024 02:00 PM - 03:00 PM (Local Time Germany)
Max-Plack-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Room: Auditorium

Was ist da draußen? - Entstehung und Entwicklung terrestrischer Exoplaneten. (T. Lichtenberg)

May 23, 2024 07:00 PM (Local Time Germany)
Max-Plack-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Room: Auditorium

IMPRS Defense: Small-scale dynamics and large-scale stability of the outer solar atmosphere (Jamie Gorman)

May 29, 2024 09:00 AM - 10:30 AM (Local Time Germany)
Max-Plack-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Room: Auditorium

S3 Seminar: High-resolution observations of small-scale activity in coronal hole plumes (Ziwen Huang)

Jun 5, 2024 02:00 PM - 02:30 PM (Local Time Germany)
Max-Plack-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Room: Hörsaal

S3 Seminar: Turbulent spherical Rayleigh-Bénard convection: radius ratio and Prandtl number dependence (Yifeng Fu)

Jun 5, 2024 02:30 PM - 03:00 PM (Local Time Germany)
Max-Plack-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Room: Hörsaal

S3 Seminar: Modelling low-frequency modes of the Sun (Suprabha Mukhopadhyay)

Jun 12, 2024 02:00 PM - 02:30 PM (Local Time Germany)
Max-Plack-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Room: Hörsaal

News

Preparations for this year's stratospheric flight of the balloon-borne solar observatory Sunrise III have reached an important milestone: today, just three weeks after the hardware arrived at Esrange Space Center near the Arctic Circle in Sweden ...

A star’s magnetic field must be considered in order to correctly determine the characteristics of their exoplanets from observations by space telescopes such as Kepler, James Webb, or PLATO. This is demonstrated by new model calculations presented ...

During its flyby of Venus, the European-Japanese twin space probe Bepi Colombo for the first time found carbon ions escaping from the planet's atmosphere into space. A research group involving the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) ...

The next stratospheric flight of the balloon-borne solar observatory Sunrise III is planned for early summer this year. Today's departure of the flight hardware from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) in Germany to the launch ...

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