Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research

Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research

The research focus of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research is our cosmic neighborhood: the solar system with its planets and moons, comets and asteroids as well as the sun. The aim of the scientists is to describe the processes in the solar system in models and to simulate them on the computer. In addition, instruments are being developed and built to study these bodies from space. The Institute is involved in numerous space missions.

Catching the Sun’s Dynamic Coronal Web

Catching the Sun’s Dynamic Coronal Web

Using observational data from the U.S. weather satellites GOES, a team of researchers led by the MPS has taken an important step toward unlocking one of the Sun’s most persevering secrets: How does our star launch the particles constituting the solar wind into space? The data provide a unique view of a key region in the solar corona to which researchers have had little access so far. There, the team has for the first time captured a dynamic web-like network of elongated, interwoven plasma structures.

Asteroid Ryugu: A Traveler from the Edge of the Solar System

Asteroid Ryugu: A Traveler from the Edge of the Solar System

The asteroid Ryugu likely formed at the outer edge of the Solar System beyond the orbits of Jupiter and Saturn, as high-precision measurements that determine the ratio of iron isotopes in rock samples from Ryugu suggest. An international group of researchers with participation of the MPS and the University of Göttingen describes these results in the journal Science Advances.

Magnetic Switchback in the Solar Corona

Magnetic Switchback in the Solar Corona

During Solar Orbiter's yet closest flyby of the Sun earlier this year, the coronagraph Metis witnessed a switchback in the solar corona. The phenomenon has been known for decades from solar wind measurements, where it shows up as a brief reversal of the magnetic field. The new data from ESA’s Solar Orbiter together with new computer simulations now make it possible to trace the origin of the phenomenon down to the lower corona.

Predicting solar storms earlier than before

Predicting solar storms earlier than before

Prof. Dr. Maarit Korpi-Lagg of Aalto University in Espoo (Finland) and the MPS has received a Proof of Concept Grant from the European Research Council (ERC). In the next year and a half, Prof. Dr. Korpi-Lagg intends to develop an innovative method to predict solar storms. The novel approach to space weather forecasts could increase the possible warning times by a few days, thus allowing for better protection of Earth satellites and other technical infrastructure.

Research Departments

Sun and Heliosphere
The focus of this department is the solar interior, the solar atmosphere, the solar magnetic field, the heliosphere, and the interplanetary medium, as well as solar radiation and solar energetic particles. The balloon-mission Sunrise, a balloon-borne solar observatory, is managed by this department. The mission investigates our central star from a height of about 35 km. In addition to several other participations in space missions, the department significantly contributes to the ESA's Solar Orbiter.

Planetary Science Department
This department investigates the interior, the surfaces, atmospheres, ionospheres, and magnetospheres of planets and their moons, as well as comets and asteroids. The department currently contributes or has contributed to important space missions such as the ESA's missions JUICE to the Jovian system, BepiColombo to Mercury and Rosetta to comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko as well as NASA's missions InSight to Mars and Dawn to the asteroid belt.

Solar and Stellar Interiors
Helioseismology and asteroseismology are tools that use the oscillations of the Sun and stars to probe their interior structure and dynamics. This allows us to test and refine the theory of stellar structure and evolution, thereby bringing us closer to understanding solar and stellar magnetism. The department hosts the German Data Center for NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, and is preparing to host the data center of ESA's exoplanet hunting mission, PLATO.

At a Glance

International Office
On the pages of the International Office, new employees and guests will find information for their stay in Göttingen and at the institute.

IMPRS
PhD programme: International Max Planck Research School for Solar System Science at the University of Göttingen.

Staff at the MPS
Staff directory

Restaurant at the End of the Universe
Canteen at the MPS
Mon - Fri 9 - 13
This week's menu

News

Seminars

S3 Seminar: Quantitative passive imaging in helioseismology: Applications to solar differential rotation (Björn Müller)

Dec 7, 2022 02:00 PM - 02:30 PM (Local Time Germany)
Max-Plack-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Room: Hörsaal

S3 Seminar: Image Reconstruction (Johannes Hölken)

Dec 7, 2022 02:30 PM - 03:00 PM (Local Time Germany)
Max-Plack-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Room: Hörsaal

S3 Seminar: On the rush to the poles and the shape of the butterfly diagram (Simon Cloutier)

Dec 14, 2022 02:00 PM - 02:30 PM (Local Time Germany)
Max-Plack-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Room: Hörsaal

S3 Seminar: Activity of the Main-Belt Comet 324P/La Sagra (Maria Mastropietro)

Dec 21, 2022 02:00 PM - 02:30 PM (Local Time Germany)
Max-Plack-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Room: Hörsaal

S3 Seminar: Useful tools lightning talks

Jan 25, 2023 02:00 PM - 03:30 PM (Local Time Germany)
MPS Auditorium

S3 Seminar: Simulating solar irradiance effects (Isabela de Oliveira Martins)

Feb 1, 2023 02:00 PM - 02:30 PM (Local Time Germany)
Max-Plack-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Room: Hörsaal

News

Using observational data from the U.S. weather satellites GOES, a team of researchers led by the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) in Germany has taken an important step toward unlocking one of the Sun’s most persevering secrets ...

In Memory of Peter Stubbe

November 02, 2022

Prof. Dr. Peter Stubbe, a former scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Aeronomy (now: Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research) and professor at the Georg August University of Göttingen, passed away in July this year.

The asteroid Ryugu likely formed at the outer edge of the Solar System beyond the orbits of Jupiter and Saturn, as high-precision measurements that determine the ratio of iron isotopes in rock samples from Ryugu suggest. The Japanese space probe ...

Prof. Dr. Maarit Korpi-Lagg of Aalto University in Espoo (Finland) and the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) in Göttingen (Germany) has received a Proof of Concept Grant from the European Research Council (ERC). In the next year ...

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