The research focus of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research is our cosmic neighborhood: the solar system with its planets and moons, comets and asteroids as well as the sun. The aim of the scientists is to describe the processes in the solar system in models and to simulate them on the computer. In addition, instruments are being developed and built to study these bodies from space. The Institute is involved in numerous space missions. More info.

Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research

The research focus of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research is our cosmic neighborhood: the solar system with its planets and moons, comets and asteroids as well as the sun. The aim of the scientists is to describe the processes in the solar system in models and to simulate them on the computer. In addition, instruments are being developed and built to study these bodies from space. The Institute is involved in numerous space missions. More info.


Among the most exciting discoveries made by ESA's Solar Orbiter spacecraft are small, bright regions in the hot solar corona that had previously eluded other spacecraft. The tiny flares are found in measurement data from EUI taken during the instrument's commissioning in space last year. Two new studies with MPS participation shed new light on this phenomenon.

Solar corona: A close look at the smallest flares

Among the most exciting discoveries made by ESA's Solar Orbiter spacecraft are small, bright regions in the hot solar corona that had previously eluded other spacecraft. The tiny flares are found in measurement data from EUI taken during the instrument's commissioning in space last year. Two new studies with MPS participation shed new light on this phenomenon.

Violent storms with speeds of up to 1450 kilometers per hour rage in the middle atmosphere above Jupiter's poles. This is the result of observations to which researchers from MPS contributed. The winds could indicate giant vortices over Jupiter's poles. To measure the air motions in the planet’s middle atmosphere for the first time, the team traced the chemical remnants of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9, which collided with Jupiter in 1994.

Giant cyclones over Jupiter's poles

Violent storms with speeds of up to 1450 kilometers per hour rage in the middle atmosphere above Jupiter's poles. This is the result of observations to which researchers from MPS contributed. The winds could indicate giant vortices over Jupiter's poles. To measure the air motions in the planet’s middle atmosphere for the first time, the team traced the chemical remnants of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9, which collided with Jupiter in 1994.

In the clean rooms at MPS, the balloon-borne solar observatory Sunrise III is gradually taking shape. Launch is planned for the summer of 2022. Sunrise III will look at the Sun from the stratosphere with the help of a 1-meter telescope and three scientific instruments.

Picture Gallery:
Preparing for the 3rd Flight of Sunrise

In the clean rooms at MPS, the balloon-borne solar observatory Sunrise III is gradually taking shape. Launch is planned for the summer of 2022. Sunrise III will look at the Sun from the stratosphere with the help of a 1-meter telescope and three scientific instruments.

The Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research takes the current risk situation due to the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 very seriously. It is the Institute's primary objective to minimize the risk of infection for its staff and to contribute in general to minimizing the spread of the virus. Read more about current measures and restrictions here.

The MPS in times of corona: Current status

The Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research takes the current risk situation due to the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 very seriously. It is the Institute's primary objective to minimize the risk of infection for its staff and to contribute in general to minimizing the spread of the virus.
Read more about current measures and restrictions here.

Research Departments

Sun and Heliosphere

The focus of this department is the solar interior, the solar atmosphere, the solar magnetic field, the heliosphere, and the interplanetary medium, as well as solar radiation and solar energetic particles. The balloon-mission Sunrise, a balloon-borne solar observatory, is managed by this department. The mission investigates our central star from a height of about 35 km. In addition to several other participations in space missions, the department significantly contributes to the ESA's Solar Orbiter.

Planets and Comets

This department investigates the interior, the surfaces, atmospheres, ionospheres, and magnetospheres of planets and their moons, as well as comets and asteroids. The department currently contributes or has contributed to important space missions such as the ESA's missions JUICE to the Jovian system, BepiColombo to Mercury and Rosetta to comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko as well as NASA's missions InSight to Mars and Dawn to the asteroid belt.

Solar and Stellar Interiors

Helioseismology and asteroseismology are tools that use the oscillations of the Sun and stars to probe their interior structure and dynamics. This allows us to test and refine the theory of stellar structure and evolution, thereby bringing us closer to understanding solar and stellar magnetism. The department hosts the German Data Center for NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, and is preparing to host the data center of ESA's exoplanet hunting mission, PLATO.

At a Glance

International Office

On the pages of the International Office, new employees and guests will find information for their stay in Göttingen and at the institute.

IMPRS

PhD programme: International Max Planck Research School for Solar System Science at the University of Göttingen.

Staff at the MPS

Staff directory

Restaurant at the End of the Universe

Canteen at the MPS
Mon - Fri 9 - 13
This week's menu

News

Seminars

S3 Seminar: Simulating solar prominences (Lisa-Marie Zeßner)

Jun 2, 2021 14:00 - 14:30
BigBlueButton, Room: "BigBlueButton"

S3 Seminar: Deciphering the spectrum of the solar chromosphere (Patrick Ondratschek)

Jun 16, 2021 14:00 - 14:30
BigBlueButton, Room: "BigBlueButton"

S3 Seminar: In-flight radiometric calibration of Metis using stars (Yara De Leo)

Jun 30, 2021 14:00 - 14:30
BigBlueButton, Room: "BigBlueButton"

S3 Seminar: Particle Dynamics at Comet 67P (Marius Pfeifer)

Jul 7, 2021 14:00 - 14:30
BigBlueButton, Room: "BigBlueButton"

News

Solar corona: A close look at the smallest flares

April 27, 2021

Among the most exciting discoveries made by ESA's Solar Orbiter spacecraft are small, bright regions in the hot solar corona that had previously eluded other spacecraft. The tiny flares are found in measurement data from the Extreme-Ultraviolet ...

Giant cyclones over Jupiter's poles

March 23, 2021

Violent storms rage in the middle atmosphere above Jupiter's poles: With wind speeds of up to 1450 kilometers per hour, they exceed even the strongest terrestrial tornadoes by a factor of three. This is the result of observations performed by an ...

In Memory of Dr. Erling Nielsen

March 22, 2021

Dr. Erling Nielsen, former scientist at the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (formerly: Max Planck Institute for Aeronomy) passed away on March 6 this year after a long illness. For more than 31 years, Dr. Nielsen helped shape the ...

Solar activity reconstructed over a millennium

January 19, 2021

An international research team, including scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research (MPS) in Germany, has reconstructed solar activity up to the year 969 without gaps and with a high temporal resolution of only one year from ...

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