Usoskin, I.; Solanki, S. K.; Schüssler, M.; Mursula, K.; Alanko, K.: Millenium-scale sunspot number reconstruction: Evidence for an unusually active Sun since the 1940s. Physical Review Letters 91, 211101 (2003)
Grossmann-Doerth, U.; Schüssler, M.; Sigwarth, M.; Steiner, O.: Strong Stokes V asymmetries of photospheric spectral lines: What can they tell us about the magnetic field structure? Astronomy and Astrophysics 357, pp. 351 - 358 (2000)
The Planetary Plasma Environments group (PPE) has a strong heritage in the exploration of planetary magnetospheres and space plasma interactions throughout the solar system. It has contributed instruments to several past missions that flew-by or orbited Jupiter (Galileo, Cassini, Ulysses). The PPE participates in the JUICE mission by contributing hardware and scientific expertise to the Particle Environment Package (PEP).
Inversion codes are used to aid the detailed interpretation of solar spectro-polarimetric data. This computer code attempts to find the atmospheric structure that produced an observed spectrum by minimizing the difference between the observed spectrum and a Stokes spectrum.
The MPS is one of the leading institutes worldwide in building instruments for solar research, both for ground based observatories as well as for balloon and space-borne missions. Scientists and engineers of MPS conceive new observing methods and develop novel instruments of highest technological complexity. These instruments are built in house, tested, calibrated, and used at the best solar observatories in the world, or delivered to NASA and ESA to be launched to space.
Karen Harvey solar physics prize 2020 for Prof. Dr. Tian who studies dynamic phenomena in the Sun’s atmosphere; his research group is a partner group of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research.