Krimigis, S. M.; Mitchell, D. G.; Hamilton, D. C.; Krupp, N.; Livi, S.; Roelof, E. C.; Dandouras, J.; Armstrong, T. P.; Mauk, B. H.; Paranicas, C.et al.; Brandt, P. C.; Bolton, S. J.; Cheng, A. F.; Choo, T.; Gloeckler, G.; Hayes, J.; Hsieh, K. C.; Ip, W.-H.; Jaskulek, S.; Keath, E. P.; Kirsch, E.; Kusterer, M.; Lagg, A.; Lanzerotti, L. J.; LaVallee, D.; Manweiler, J.; McEntire, R. W.; Rasmuss, W.; Saur, J.; Turner, F. S.; Williams, D. J.; Woch, J.: Dynamics of Saturn's Magnetosphere from the Magnetospheric Imaging Instrument During Cassini's Orbital Insertion. Science 307, pp. 1270 - 1273 (2005)
Kirsch, E.; Mall, U.: Suprathermal proton and alpha-particle bursts (E/q = 6.5-225 keV/e) observed by the WIND-, ACE- and IMP8-S/C during depressions of the interplanetary magnetic field. Astronomy and Astrophysics 400, pp. 729 - 736 (2003)
Mall, U.; Christon, S.; Kirsch, E.; Gloeckler, G.: On the solar cycle dependence of the N+/O+ content in the magnetosphere and its relation to atomic N and O in the Earths exosphere. Geophysical Research Letters 29 (12), 1593 (2002)
Kirsch, E.; Mall, U.; Cierpka, K.; Wilken, B.; Gloeckler, G.; Galvin, A. B.: Composition of low energy solar particles (0.5-225 keV/e) measured by the WIND-S/C during impulsive and gradual flares. Advances in Space Research 26, pp. 833 - 837 (2000)
Mall, U.; Fichtner, H.; Kirsch, E.; Hamilton, D. C.; Rucinski, D.: Cassini as a heliospheric probe - the potential of pick-up ion measurements during its cruise phase. Planetary and Space Science 46 (9/10), pp. 1375 - 1382 (1998)
Kirsch, E.; Daly, P. W.; McKenna-Lawlor, S.; Neubauer, F. M.; Coates, A. J.: Observation of interplanetary particles in a corotating interaction region and of energetic water group ions from Grigg-Skjellerup. Planetary and Space Science 45, pp. 1105 - 1117 (1997)
Kirsch, E.; Wilken, B.; Gloeckler, G.; Galvin, A. B.; Mall, U.; Hovestadt, D.: Comparison of lunar and terrestrial ion measurements obtained by the WIND and GEOTAIL spacecraft outside and inside the Earth's magnetosphere. Advances in Space Research 20, pp. 845 - 849 (1997)
McKenna-Lawlor, S.; Afonin, V. V.; Kirsch, E.; Daly, P.: Characteristic boundary transitions in energetic particle data (60-260 keV) recorded at comets P/Grigg-Skjellerup and P/Halley by the EPONA instrument on Giotto. Planetary and Space Science 45, pp. 1119 - 1142 (1997)
Gloeckler, G.; Balsiger, H.; Bürgi, A.; Bochsler, P.; Fisk, L. A.; Galvin, A. B.; Geiss, J.; Gliem, F.; Hamilton, D. C.; Holzer, T. E.et al.; Hovestadt, D.; Ipavich, F. M.; Kirsch, E.; Lundgren, R. A.; Ogilvie, K. W.; Sheldon, R. B.; Wilken, B.: The solar wind and suprathermal ion composition investigation on the wind spacecraft. Space Science Reviews 71, pp. 79 - 124 (1995)
Kirsch, E.; McKenna-Lawlor, S.; Korth, A.; Schwenn, R.: Particle fluxes observed in the magnetic pileup regions of Comets Halley and Grigg-Skjellerup. Advances in Space Research 16, pp. (4)29 - (4)34 (1995)
Kirsch, E.; McKenna-Lawler, S. M. P.; Afonin, V. V.; Keppler, E.; Livi, S.; Rosenbauer, H.; Witte, M.; Schwingenshuh, K.; Tompson, A.; O'Sullivan, D.: Signature of the Martian moon Phobos in the fluxes of energetic particles as measured by experiment SLED onboard Phobos 2. Space Science Reviews 4 (6), pp. 435 - 440 (1993)
Kirsch, E.; McKennal-Lawlor, S. M. P.; Afonin, V. V.; Keppler, E.; Livi, S.; Rosenbauer, H.; Witte, M.; Schwingenschuh, K.; Thompson, A.; O'Sullivan, D.: Signatures of the Martian moon Phobos in the fluxes of energetic particles as measured by experiment SLED onboard Phobos 2. Planetary and Space Science 41 (6), pp. 435 - 440 (1993)
Afonin, V. V.; McKenna-Lawlor, S. M. P.; Erdös, G.; Gringauz, K. I.; Keppler, E.; Kecskemety, K.; Kirsch, E.; Marsden, R. G.; Richter, A. K.; Riedler, W.et al.; Schwingenschuh, K.; Somogyi, A. J.; O'Sullivan, D.; Szabo, L.; Thompson, A.; Varga, A.; Wenzel, K.-P.; Witte, M.; Yeroshenok, Y.: Low energy charged particles in near Martian space from the SLED and LET experiments aboard the PHOBOS-2 spacecraft. Planetary and Space Science 38 (1/2) (1991)
Afonin, V. V.; McKennal-Lawlor, S. M. P.; Erdös, G.; Gringauz, K. I.; Keppler, E.; Kecskemety, K.; Kirsch, E.; Marsden, R. G.; Richter, A. K.; Riedler, W.et al.; Schwingenschuh, K.; Somogyi, A. J.; O'Sullivan, D.; Szabo, L.; Thompson, A.; Varga, A.; Wenzel, K.-P.; Witte, M.; Yeroshenko, Y.; Zeleny, L.: Low energy charged particles in near Martian space from the SLED and LET experiments aboard the PHOBOS-2 spacecraft. Planetary and Space Science 39, pp. 153 - 166 (1991)
Kirsch, E.; Keppler, E.; Witte, M.; Rosenbauer, H.; Livi, S.; Schwingenschuh, K.; McKenna-Lawlor, S. M. P.; Afonin, V. V.; O'Sullivan, D.; Thompson, A.: Pick-up ions (Eo+ > 55 keV) measured near Mars by Phobos-2 in February/March 1989. Annales Geophysicae 9, pp. 761 - 767 (1991)
The Planetary Plasma Environments group (PPE) has a strong heritage in the exploration of planetary magnetospheres and space plasma interactions throughout the solar system. It has contributed instruments to several past missions that flew-by or orbited Jupiter (Galileo, Cassini, Ulysses). The PPE participates in the JUICE mission by contributing hardware and scientific expertise to the Particle Environment Package (PEP).
The Sun’s planets and small objects have undergone substantial evolution. Deciphering the history of our cosmic home is not a simple task even though we now have access to a multitude of data gathered by space missions, remote observations, and laboratory studies of diverse samples. A significant fraction of materials available for the study of planetary bodies come from meteorites.
The Solar Lower Atmosphere and Magnetism (SLAM) group covers many exciting subjects in solar physics, focussing on the development and testing of highly novel solar instrumentation, reduction and analysis of highest quality solar observations, or improving and developing advanced techniques for the analysis of solar observations.
Inversion codes are used to aid the detailed interpretation of solar spectro-polarimetric data. This computer code attempts to find the atmospheric structure that produced an observed spectrum by minimizing the difference between the observed spectrum and a Stokes spectrum.
The MPS is one of the leading institutes worldwide in building instruments for solar research, both for ground based observatories as well as for balloon and space-borne missions. Scientists and engineers of MPS conceive new observing methods and develop novel instruments of highest technological complexity. These instruments are built in house, tested, calibrated, and used at the best solar observatories in the world, or delivered to NASA and ESA to be launched to space.