Johnson, L. J.; Norris, C. M.; Unruh, Y. C.; Solanki, S. K.; Krivova, N.; Witzke, V.; Shapiro, A.: Forward modelling of Kepler-band variability due to faculae and spots. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 504 (4), pp. 4751 - 4767 (2021)
Shapiro, A. I.; Solanki, S. K.; Krivova, N. A.: Predictions of Astrometric Jitter for Sun-like Stars. I. The Model and Its Application to the Sun as Seen from the Ecliptic. The Astrophysical Journal 908 (2), 223 (2021)
Usoskin, I.G.; Solanki, S. K.; Krivova, N. A.; Hofer, B.; Kovaltsov, G.A.; Wacker, L.; Brehm, N.; Kromer, B.: Solar cyclic activity over the last millennium reconstructed from annual 14C data. Astronomy and Astrophysics 649, A141 (2021)
Chatzistergos, T.; Ermolli, I.; Krivova, N. A.; Solanki, S. K.; Banerjee, D.; Barata, T.; Belik, M.; Gafeira, R.; Garcia, A.; Hanaoka, Y.et al.; Hegde, M.; Klimeš, J.; Korokhin, V. V.; Lourenço, A.; Malherbe, J.-M.; Marchenko, G. P.; Peixinho, N.; Sakurai, T.; Tlatov, A. G.: Analysis of full-disc Ca II K spectroheliograms III. Plage area composite series covering 1892–2019. Astronomy and Astrophysics 639, A88 (2020)
Yeo, K. L.; Solanki, S. K.; Krivova, N. A.: How faculae and network relate to sunspots, and the implications for solar and stellar brightness variations (Corrigendum). Astronomy and Astrophysics 642, C2 (2020)
The Solar Lower Atmosphere and Magnetism (SLAM) group covers many exciting subjects in solar physics, focussing on the development and testing of highly novel solar instrumentation, reduction and analysis of highest quality solar observations, or improving and developing advanced techniques for the analysis of solar observations.
In the "Solar and Stellar Interiors" department, Laurent Gizon, Jesper Schou, Aaron Birch, Robert Cameron and others offer PhD projects in solar physics and astrophysics. Helioseismology and asteroseismology are used as important tools to study the oscillating Sun and stars.
Turbulence plays a very important role in many applications, ranging from geophysics and astrophysics to engineering. In our solar system, turbulence is often driving by thermal effect, rotation, and magnetic field. In this project you will use high-fidelity simulation tools, including direct numerical simulations, data assimilation, and machine learning, to study the physics of turbulence, focusing on convection and dynamos.
The Planetary Plasma Environments group (PPE) has a strong heritage in the exploration of planetary magnetospheres and space plasma interactions throughout the solar system. It has contributed instruments to several past missions that flew-by or orbited Jupiter (Galileo, Cassini, Ulysses). The PPE participates in the JUICE mission by contributing hardware and scientific expertise to the Particle Environment Package (PEP).
Inversion codes are used to aid the detailed interpretation of solar spectro-polarimetric data. This computer code attempts to find the atmospheric structure that produced an observed spectrum by minimizing the difference between the observed spectrum and a Stokes spectrum.
The MPS is one of the leading institutes worldwide in building instruments for solar research, both for ground based observatories as well as for balloon and space-borne missions. Scientists and engineers of MPS conceive new observing methods and develop novel instruments of highest technological complexity. These instruments are built in house, tested, calibrated, and used at the best solar observatories in the world, or delivered to NASA and ESA to be launched to space.