Krimigis, S. M.; Armstrong, T. P.; Axford, W. I.; Bostrom, C. O.; Gloeckler, G.; Keath, E. P.; Lanzerotti, L. J.; Carbary, J. F.; Hamilton, D. C.; Roelof, E. C.: Low energy charged particles (LECP). In: AGU Fall Meeting. (1981)
Webb, G. M.; Axford, W. I.; Forman, M. A.: Cosmic ray acceleration by stellar winds: I. Total density, pressure and energy flux. In: Proc. 17th International Cosmic Ray Conference, Paris, 13-25 July 1981, pp. 309 - 312. (1981)
Axford, W. I.: Comets and cometary missions - an introductory review. In: Proc. Workshop on Cometary Missions, Bamberg, Germany, 20-22 February 1979, pp. 1 - 12. Remeis-Sternwarte Bamberg und Astronomisches Institut der Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (1979)
Hamilton, D. C.; Gloeckler, G.; Armstrong, T. P.; Axford, W. I.; Bostrom, C. O.; Fan, C. Y.; Krimigis, S. M.; Lanzerotti, L. J.: Recurrent energetic particle events associated with forward/reverse shock pairs near 4 AU in 1978. In: Conference papers, 16th International Cosmic Ray Conference, Kyoto, Japan, 06-18 August 1979, pp. 363 - 367. (1979)
Axford, W. I.; Leer, E.; Skadron, G.: The acceleration of cosmic rays by shock waves. In: Proc. 10th Leningrad Seminar on Space Physics, 6-8 October 1978, pp. 125 - 133 (Eds. Dergachov; Kocharov). (1978)
Axford, W. I.; Leer, E.; Skadron, G.: The acceleration of cosmic rays by shock waves. In: Conference papers, 15th International Cosmic Ray Conference, Plovdiv, Bulgaria, 13-26 August 1977, pp. 132 - 137. (1977)
Axford, W. I.; Feldman, W.; Forman, M. A.; Habbal, S. R.; Ling, J. C.; Moses, S.; Title, A.; Woo, R.; Young, D. T.: Close encounter with the Sun. Report of the Minimum Solar Mission Science Definition Team. Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena (1995)
Nielsen, E.; Axford, W. I.; Hagfors, T.; Kopka, H.; Armand, N. A.; Andrianov, V. A.; Shtern, D. J.; Breus, T.: The ``Long wavelength radar'' on the Mars-94 orbiter. Max-Planck-Institut für Aeronomie, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany (1994)
Hartmann, G.; Schanda, E.; Kunzi, E.; Axford, W. I.: Microwave atmosphere sounder for earth limb observations from space. Project and program description. Dornier-IAP, Univ. of Bern - MPAE Lindau (1981)
Turbulence plays a very important role in many applications, ranging from geophysics and astrophysics to engineering. In our solar system, turbulence is often driving by thermal effect, rotation, and magnetic field. In this project you will use high-fidelity simulation tools, including direct numerical simulations, data assimilation, and machine learning, to study the physics of turbulence, focusing on convection and dynamos.
The Planetary Plasma Environments group (PPE) has a strong heritage in the exploration of planetary magnetospheres and space plasma interactions throughout the solar system. It has contributed instruments to several past missions that flew-by or orbited Jupiter (Galileo, Cassini, Ulysses). The PPE participates in the JUICE mission by contributing hardware and scientific expertise to the Particle Environment Package (PEP).
In the "Solar and Stellar Interiors" department, Laurent Gizon, Jesper Schou, Aaron Birch, Robert Cameron and others offer PhD projects in solar physics and astrophysics. Helioseismology and asteroseismology are used as important tools to study the oscillating Sun and stars.
Inversion codes are used to aid the detailed interpretation of solar spectro-polarimetric data. This computer code attempts to find the atmospheric structure that produced an observed spectrum by minimizing the difference between the observed spectrum and a Stokes spectrum.
The MPS is one of the leading institutes worldwide in building instruments for solar research, both for ground based observatories as well as for balloon and space-borne missions. Scientists and engineers of MPS conceive new observing methods and develop novel instruments of highest technological complexity. These instruments are built in house, tested, calibrated, and used at the best solar observatories in the world, or delivered to NASA and ESA to be launched to space.
The Solar Lower Atmosphere and Magnetism (SLAM) group covers many exciting subjects in solar physics, focussing on the development and testing of highly novel solar instrumentation, reduction and analysis of highest quality solar observations, or improving and developing advanced techniques for the analysis of solar observations.