Meridional flows in the solar interior
The Sun's global magnetic field is thought to be maintained by large-scale plasma flows in the interior: rotation and meridional circulation. Solar interior rotation has been well-measured by global helioseismology. Meridional flow is inaccessible by traditional global helioseismology but is a very important target for local helioseismology.
This project is to carefully measure wave travel times on the sun in order to extract and characterize the signals due to meridional circulation and rotation. Rotation provides an important validation test as it is well known by global helioseismology. Particular attention will be paid to estimates of the random noise in the meridional flow and rotation measurements as well as magnetic and systematics effects. A goal is to provide clean observations for inversions of travel times and to measure the solar-cycle variations of the meridional flow.